Office of Career Development
This is the most common and readily accepted form of presentation. It starts with
the current or most recent employment, then works backwards to your first job. While
it the most common type of resume, it is NOT right for everyone.
Use this format if 1) Your most recent education or work experience is related to
your career goal; 2) your work history shows a logical progression toward your current
career objective; and 3) your have a stable work history with no gaps.
This format focuses on the professional skills you have developed over the years,
rather than when, where or how you acquired them. It de-emphasizes dates. The attention
is always focused on the skill rather than the context or time of its acquisition.
Typical functional categories include skill areas such as Administrative, Service,
Supervisory, Communications, Financial, Training, Interpersonal, Sales, etc.
Use this format if: 1) you have limited direct experience in your chosen field; 2)
your skills have been acquired primarily through study; 3) your work history is inconsistent;
and 4) you are changing careers.
With this format, you adapt your resume to each industry or organization which you
are targeting for employment. This format highlights your capabilities in relations
to that specific industry, organization or job.
Use this format if 1) you want the reader to focus on only your education and work
experience that helped prepare you for their specific job; 2) you want to emphasize
some past experience that is relevant to your career objective and 3) you’d rather
de-emphasize your most recent experience which is not so relevant.
This format prepares your resume for the eye of a computer scanner rather than a human.
Many large and mid-sized organizations are beginning to use Optical Character Reader
(OCR) scanners to scan all resumes and cover letters. This puts all job applicants
into a database which can be sorted on key words for specific job openings. “Hits”
for key words can come from any part of your correspondence. To prepare a scannable
- Less is more. Use plain text. Avoid fancy typefaces, bold, italics, underlined text,
shading, graphics, type under 12pt font, and lines. White or off-white 8 ½ x11 paper
scans the easiest. Don’t staple or fold.
- Use separate lines and white space. For better scanning reading, put all addresses,
phone numbers, etc. on separate lines. Use white space to separate sections.
- Use computer-friendly language. Minimize use of abbreviations.
- Three to four pages if fine for a scannable resume.
Develop your Resume
Use our resume checklist or Optimal resume to help you create your resume.
Optimal resume is a comprehensive, web-based application for students to create, present,
and manage resumes to achieve maximum impact. It not only helps students build their
best resume, but also saves significant time and helps create an online marketing
presentation of skills and abilities.
This checklist provides an outline to help you develop a resume that will meet the
Articles about Online resumes
Post Your resume On-Line
Once you have a resume completed, you can post it in the CCN online system for employers
to view. Get details about how to upload and publish your resume, and how to include
it in a resume Book, at http://www.collegecentral.com/defiance